VirtualBox is a popular virtualization tool that allows you to install and test virtual computer systems on your host operating system. With VirtualBox, users can use a fully functional system with the operating system of their choice, without having to adapt to different hardware. However, sharing USB and network devices between a host and a guest computer is not as easy as it should be. Below are the steps for exchanging USB devices between host and guest computers in VirtualBox.

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Sharing USB devices between host and guest computers

To access USB devices, you must first install the VirtualBox guest programs and the VirtualBox expansion pack.

To install the guest extensions, start the VirtualBox guest computer. Then select Add Guest CD Image from the Devices submenu of the VirtualBox’s main menu.

Image for virtual box devices with shared use of guest accessories

Then the installation should start automatically. Allow me to complete the installation process. Please note that the installation process depends on the operating system used on the guest computer.

To install an extension package, double click on the extension package file. This should open VirtualBox and ask you to install the expansion pack.

Installation of the Virtual Sharing Device Expansion Package

Follow the instructions in the installation wizard. You will then be set up to use USB devices on your VirtualBox guest computer.

To manually connect a connected USB device to a computer from the guest computer, open the Devices menu, select the USB device you wish to access from the USB submenu.

Virtual output cabinets Manual assembly of display units

You can also automatically connect USB devices to VirtualBox. To do so, you need to go to the Virtualbox main window, select the virtual machine, then select Settings and go to the USB partition.

Automatic settings for virtual sharing devices

Now click on Add Filter and select the USB device that will be installed automatically when it is connected while the guest computer is running.

Virtual Device Sharing Filter for Usb devices

Now that you have tapped OK, your device should be mounted automatically the next time you connect to the selected guest car.

How to share network equipment between the host computer and the host computer

The network settings are usually configured to work directly on the VirtualBox guest operating systems. However, if this is not the case, or if you want to change the settings, select the guest operating system from the VirtualBox main window and select Settings. In the Network section, you can choose between the following options in the Appendices section :

  • NAT : With this setting, your virtual machine has its own IP address and cannot be accessed from other devices.
  • NAT network : This method is similar to NAT, but allows networking with multiple virtual machines.
  • Bridge Adaptor : This setting forces your virtual machine to obtain an IP address from the same source as your host computer.
  • Internal network : It’s like the foundation of NAT. You will receive a private IP address.
  • Host-Only Adapter : In this configuration, your host computer essentially acts as a router and can communicate with the host computer. However, you will not be able to access the Internet without some improvements.
  • Generic conductor : This setting allows communication between virtual box guests and hosts.

For Bluetooth, you may need to turn on your Bluetooth adapter manually. In some cases, the Bluetooth adapter is displayed as a USB device. To activate it, go to the USB option in the Devices menu and select a Bluetooth adapter. Please note that it is not always possible to know immediately which device is the Bluetooth adapter. It can happen by trial and error. Once the adapter is turned on, you can easily use Bluetooth in your guest’s operating system.

As you can see, sharing your USB devices with the guest computer in VirtualBox is very easy, but not unusual. If the guest computer has too little space, there is a way to increase the size of the virtual hard drive in Virtualbox.

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William Elcock
William Elcock

William’s been playing with machines all his life. This was of course to help friends in case of technical problems, and then to a technical blog.

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